Course guide

Physics of Biological Systems

Academic year 2021 / 2022
Last updated on: 21/06/2021
Approval date:
Física Aplicada: 21/06/2021
Física Teórica y del Cosmos: 21/06/2021

Grado (bachelor's degree)

Bachelor's Degree in Biology

Branch

Sciences

Module

Materias Básicas Instrumentales para la Biología

Subject

Física

Year of study

1

Semester

2

ECTS Credits

6

Course type

Core course

Teaching staff

Theory

  • Bruno Zamorano García. Groups: B
  • Delfina María Bastos González. Groups: C
  • Diego García Gámez. Groups: D
  • María Inés Grau Tamayo. Groups: D
  • Mónica Relaño Pastor. Groups: A

Practice

  • Almudena Zurita Muñoz. Groups: 3
  • Antonio García Hernández. Groups: 1 y 2
  • Bruno Zamorano García. Groups: 4
  • Diego García Gámez. Groups: 1 y 3
  • Francisco Javier Nicolás Arnaldos. Groups: 5, 6 y 7
  • Pablo Olgoso Ruiz. Groups: 8
  • Paola Sánchez Moreno. Groups: 3
  • Sergio Navas Concha. Groups: 2
  • Ute Lisenfeld . Groups: 4

Timetable for tutorials

Bruno Zamorano García

bzamorano@ugr.es
  • Monday de 10:00 a 13:00 (Despacho A05 Modulo A)
  • Wednesday de 10:00 a 13:00 (Despacho A05 Modulo A)

Delfina María Bastos González

dbastos@ugr.es
    First semester
    • Thursday de 10:30 a 11:30 (Etsa)
    • Monday de 10:30 a 11:30 (Etsa)
    • Wednesday de 10:00 a 14:00 (Etsa)
    Second semester
    • Thursday de 12:00 a 14:00 (Despacho 27)
    • Monday de 12:00 a 14:00 (Despacho 27)
    • Wednesday de 12:00 a 14:00 (Despacho 27)

Diego García Gámez

dgarciag@ugr.es
  • Monday de 10:00 a 13:00 (Despacho A6 Módulo)
  • Wednesday de 10:00 a 13:00 (Despacho A6 Módulo)

María Inés Grau Tamayo

igrau@ugr.es
  • Monday de 17:00 a 19:00 (Despacho 5)
  • Tuesday de 12:00 a 14:00 (Despacho 5)
  • Wednesday de 17:00 a 19:00 (Despacho 5)

Mónica Relaño Pastor

mrelano@ugr.es
  • Tuesday de 11:00 a 13:00 (Despacho 11 Edif.Mecenas)
  • Tuesday de 14:00 a 15:00 (Despacho 11 Edif.Mecenas)
  • Wednesday de 11:00 a 13:00 (Despacho 11 Edif.Mecenas)
  • Wednesday de 14:00 a 15:00 (Despacho 11 Edif.Mecenas)

Almudena Zurita Muñoz

azurita@ugr.es
  • Thursday de 10:00 a 12:00 (Despacho 14)
  • Thursday de 16:00 a 17:00 (Despacho 14)
  • Monday de 10:00 a 12:00 (Despacho 14)
  • Monday de 16:00 a 17:00 (Despacho 14)

Antonio García Hernández

agh@ugr.es
  • Tuesday de 11:00 a 12:00 (Despacho 16)
  • Wednesday de 11:00 a 12:00 (Despacho 16)

Francisco Javier Nicolás Arnaldos

fjnicolas@ugr.es
  • Tuesday de 10:00 a 11:00 (Despacho 29)
  • Wednesday de 10:00 a 10:30 (Despacho 29)

Pablo Olgoso Ruiz

pablolgoso@ugr.es

Paola Sánchez Moreno

paolasm@ugr.es
  • Monday de 11:00 a 13:00 (Sala Pif)

Sergio Navas Concha

navas@ugr.es
  • Thursday de 14:00 a 17:00 (Despacho 28)
  • Wednesday de 14:00 a 17:00 (Despacho 28)

Ute Lisenfeld

ute@ugr.es
    First semester
    • Thursday de 12:00 a 14:00 (Despacho 11)
    • Monday de 12:00 a 14:00 (Despacho 11)
    • Tuesday de 12:00 a 14:00 (Despacho 11)
    Second semester
    • Monday de 10:00 a 13:00 (Despacho 11)
    • Tuesday de 10:00 a 13:00 (Despacho 11)

Prerequisites and recommendations

Having prior knowledge of Mathematics and Physics at secondary level is highly beneficial. Given the special nature of the group, a good proficiency in English is strongly recommended.

Brief description of course content (According to the programme’s verification report)

  • The relation between Physics and Biology
  • Force, work and energy
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Diffusion and osmosis
  • Electric field and electric current
  • Sound waves. Sound and hearing
  • Electromagnetic radiation and radioactivity. Applications in Biology

Skills

General Skills

  • CG01 - Capacidad de organización y planificación 
  • CG02 - Trabajo en equipo 
  • CG03 - Aplicar los conocimientos a la resolución de problemas 
  • CG04 - Capacidad de análisis y síntesis 
  • CG06 - Razonamiento critico 

Subject-specific Skills

  • CE37 - Analizar las leyes físicas que rigen los procesos biológicos  
  • CE75 - Saber los principios físicos y químicos de la Biología 

Learning outcomes

Learning and developing the basic concepts and laws in Physics for their subsequent application to relevant phenomena in Biology:

  • Using the concepts of torque and centre of gravity, learning how the levers that appear in the main joints of animals work
  • Understanding the meaning of energy conservation laws and their importance in Biology
  • Understanding the physical properties of fluids, the characteristics of the surface of a liquid in contact with solids or gases, transport processes in fluids and their application to blood circulation, sap ascent in plants and gas transport through blood capillaries
  • Studying the basic concepts of electricity required to understand ion transport through the cell membrane
  • Understanding the physical basis of hearing and vision
  • Studying the high-energy radiations that are used in various biological and medical applications

Planned learning activities

Theory Syllabus

INTRODUCTION

  • UNIT 1: The relation between Physics and Biology. Measurement standards and unit systems. Dimensional analysis. Size, form and life. Scaling laws. Vectors

FORCE AND STABILITY. WORK AND ENERGY

  • UNIT 2: Newton's Laws. Fundamental and derived forces. Torque. Centre of gravity. Equilibrium. Forces in muscles and joints
  • UNIT 3: Work done by a force. Kinetic energy and potential energy. Conservation of energy. Power. Efficiency. Metabolic rate. Elasticity. Muscle energy

FLUID MECHANICS

  • UNIT 4: Hydrostatics: Density and pressure. Hydrostatic pressure. Archimedes' principle. Hydrostatic examples in Biology
  • UNIT 5: Hydrodynamics of an ideal fluid. Continuity equation. Bernoulli's equation. Biological examples
  • UNIT 6: Hydrodynamics of a real fluid: Viscosity. Poiseuille's Law. Blood circulation. Stokes' Law. Sedimentation
  • UNIT 7: Surface phenomena: Surface tension. Laplace's law. Contact angle and capillarity. Biological examples

DIFFUSION AND OSMOSIS

  • UNIT 8: Flux. Fick's laws. Mean squared displacement. Osmosis. Osmotic pressure. Transcapillary substance transfer

ELECTRIC FIELD AND ELECTRIC CURRENT

  • UNIT 9: Coulomb's law. Electric field. Electric potential. Electric dipole. Capacitors. Current intensity. Resistance. Ohm's law. Electric properties of membranes. Ion transport through membranes. Action potential. Nerve impulse

SOUND WAVES. SOUND AND HEARING

  • UNIT 10: Properties of waves. Sound waves. Sound velocity. Stationary waves. Sound and its perception by living beings

ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION AND RADIOACTIVITY

  • UNIT 11: Nature of light. Electromagnetic spectrum. Reflection and refraction. Snell's law. Lenses. Axes and principal planes. Focal and nodal points. The eye as an optical system. Fundamentals of optical instruments. Principles of radiation. Radioactive decay. Half-life. Interaction of radiation and matter. Biological effects. Usage of radioactive isotopes in Biology

Practical Syllabus

SEMINARS / WORKSHOPS

  • Problem solving of the different topics
  • Seminars or presentations

LAB SESSIONS

Students will carry out 4 sessions out of the following:

  1. Precision measurements
  2. Static equilibrium. Torque
  3. Newton's laws
  4. Elastic constant
  5. Archimedes' principle
  6. Viscosity determination with the Stokes' method
  7. Surface tension
  8. Multimeter. Ohm's law
  9. Determination of gravity's acceleration with a simple pendulum

Recommended reading

Essential reading

  • "Physics for the life sciences", A.H. Cromer. McGraw-Hill
  • “Physics in Biology and Medicine”, P. Davidovits. Academic Press
  • "General Physics", J.W. Kane and M.M. Sternheim. Wiley

Complementary reading

  • "Physics for Scientists and Engineers", P.A. Tipler y G. Mosca. WH Freeman
  • "Physics for Scientists and Engineers", R.A. Serway y J.W. Jewett. Cengage Learning
  • "University Physics", Sears, Zemansky, Young y Freedman. Addison-Wesley-Pearson
  • "Physics: Principles with Applications", D.G. Giancoli. Pearson
  • "What is Life" E. Schrödinger. Cambridge University Press
  • "Chance and necessity: an essay on the national philosophy of modern biology", J. Monod. HarperCollins

Recommended learning resources/tools

  • https://en.khanacademy.org/science/physics

Teaching methods

  • MD01 Lección magistral/expositiva 
  • MD03 Resolución de problemas y estudio de casos prácticos 
  • MD04 Prácticas de laboratorio y/o clínicas y/o talleres de habilidades 
  • MD11 Realización de trabajos individuales 

Assessment methods (Instruments, criteria and percentages)

Ordinary examination diet

Assessment in the ordinary session will take place via two written tests, with problems and questions of the relevant material that's been reviewed up to that date. The final marks in the continuous evaluation system of the ordinary session will have the following weights:

  • First written test: 35-40%
  • Second written test (same date as the ordinary exam session): 40-45%
  • Lab sessions: 20%. In these, the competency will be assessed by a practical test and/or through the lab reports. In order to pass the whole subject, it is mandatory to pass the lab sessions, successfully complete all the sessions and submit all the corresponding reports

Students will pass the subject by continuous evaluation when their final mark exceeds 5 points (out of 10) according to this weighting scheme.

Extraordinary examination diet

In the extraordinary session there will be a single final exam representing 80% of the final mark and an additional exam covering the concepts of the lab sessions, weighting 20%. This lab exam will take place on the same date but at a different time than the written exam of the extraordinary session.

Single final assessment (evaluación única final)

Students who, in accordance with the UGR guidelines, terms and deadlines, opt for this form of evaluation, will take an exam covering the theoretical part of the subject. Another exam will be required in order to assess the practical part. The aforementioned weights will be applied to this evaluation, being again compulsory to pass the lab exam in order to pass the whole subject.

Additional information

  • Use of mobile phones is not allowed during lectures and lab sessions
  • Following the advice from the CRUE and the diversity and inclusion office of the UGR, the assessment and learning evaluation will be designed following the principle of accessibility for everyone, making the necessary adaptations that enable the learning process and the demonstration of knowledge regardless of special needs and limitations of individuals

SCENARIO A (CONTACT AND ONLINE TEACHING AND LEARNING)

Timetable

  • Group B: http://www.ugr.es/~fteorica/Docencia/Tutorias.php

Tools for tutorial support (Include virtual tools for tutorial support)

Via PRADO, e-mail and videoconference.

Adjustment measures for assessment methods (Instruments, criteria and percentages)

For both theory lectures and lab sessions, efforts will be made to guarantee the maximal on-site attendance, taking into account whichever requirements are established by the health authorities and the UGR rectorate, as well as the availability and limitations of physical spaces.

  • Virtual lectures will use Google Meet, or whichever other platform recommended by the UGR. The preferred method will be synchronous lectures, though special general health or personal circumstances may occasionally impose an asynchronous scenario, in which lessons will be recorded and shared by Google Drive. In such a scenario, teaching will be complemented with follow-up and feedback mechanisms (tutoring, assignments, reports...)
  • The aforementioned platforms (PRADO, Google Meet, Consigna UGR, Google Drive using the @go.ugr.es account, institutional mail...) are the mechanisms authorised by the UGR. These could be updated should the instructions by the UGR change throughout the course
  • As a further measure, special attention will be taken to provide learning material to the students using PRADO, Consigna UGR and/or Google Drive
  • Periodic and regular tasks and assignments could be requested from the students
  • Should the on-site lab sessions had to be cancelled, these will be adapted to an online format, providing the necessary information to the students to fulfil the goals of each session

Ordinary examination diet

Assessment will use the following weighting:

  • One or several exams with theoretical questions and problems, performed during the lecture time slots. These will be, according to circumstances, either on-site or virtual (35-40%)
  • Another written test (same date as the ordinary exam session): 40-45%
  • Lab sessions: 20%. In these, the competency will be assessed by a practical test and/or through the lab reports. In order to pass the whole subject, it is mandatory to pass the lab sessions, successfully complete all the sessions and submit all the corresponding reports

If allowed by the circumstances, tests will be carried out on-site. Whenever these must be done using a virtual format, they will take place using PRADO, and always following the advice and instructions of the UGR.

Extraordinary examination diet

In the extraordinary session there will be a single final exam representing 80% of the final mark and an additional exam covering the concepts of the lab sessions, weighting 20%. This lab exam will take place on the same date but at a different time than the exam covering the theoretical part of the extraordinary session.

Single final assessment (evaluación única final)

Students who, in accordance with the UGR guidelines, terms and deadlines, opt for this form of evaluation, will take an exam covering the theoretical part of the subject. Another exam will be required in order to assess the practical part. The aforementioned weights will be applied to this evaluation, being again compulsory to pass the lab exam in order to pass the whole subject.

SCENARIO B (SUSPENSION OF CONTACT ACTIVITIES)

Timetable

Group B: http://www.ugr.es/~fteorica/Docencia/Tutorias.php

Tools for tutorial support (Include virtual tools for tutorial support)

Via PRADO, e-mail and videoconference.

Adjustment measures for assessment methods (Instruments, criteria and percentages)

  • Virtual lectures will use Google Meet, or whichever other platform recommended by the UGR. The preferred method will be synchronous lectures, though special general health or personal circumstances may occasionally impose an asynchronous scenario, in which lessons will be recorded and shared by Google Drive. In such a scenario, teaching will be complemented with follow-up and feedback mechanisms (tutoring, assignments, reports...)
  • The aforementioned platforms (PRADO, Google Meet, Consigna UGR, Google Drive using the @go.ugr.es account, institutional mail...) are the mechanisms authorised by the UGR. These could be updated should the instructions by the UGR change throughout the course
  • As a further measure, special attention will be taken to provide learning material to the students using PRADO, Consigna UGR and/or Google Drive
  • Periodic and regular tasks and assignments could be requested from the students
  • Lab sessions will be adapted to an online format, providing the necessary information to the students to fulfil the goals of each session

Ordinary examination diet

Assessment will use the following weighting:

  • One or several online exams with theoretical questions and problems, performed during the lecture time slots (35-40%)
  • Another written test (same date as the ordinary exam session): 40-45%
  • Lab sessions: 20%. In these, the competency will be assessed by a practical test and/or through the lab reports. In order to pass the subject, it is mandatory to pass the lab sessions, successfully complete all the sessions and submit all the corresponding reports

Tests will take place using PRADO, and always following the advice and instructions of the UGR.

Extraordinary examination diet

In the extraordinary session there will be a single final exam representing 80% of the final mark and an additional exam covering the concepts of the lab sessions, weighting 20%. This lab exam will take place on the same date but at a different time than the exam covering the theoretical part of the extraordinary session.

Single final assessment (evaluación única final)

Students who, in accordance with the UGR guidelines, terms and deadlines, opt for this form of evaluation, will take an exam covering the theoretical part of the subject. Another exam will be required in order to assess the practical part. The aforementioned weights will be applied to this evaluation, being again compulsory to pass the lab exam in order to pass the whole subject.